Drinking Water Wells - Water Sampling

Environmental health specialists employed by  the Cabarrus Health Alliance are  responsible for enforcing the state’s requirements on private drinking water well construction referred to as the “2C rules” because they are found in Title 15A, Chapter 2C of the North Carolina Administrative Code which imposes standards on the construction, operation, maintenance, and abandonment of wells. This delegation of authority only pertains to “private drinking water wells,” which are defined as “any excavation that is cored, bored, drilled, jetted, dug, or otherwise constructed to obtain groundwater for human consumption” and that serves or is proposed to serve fourteen or fewer service connections or twenty-four or fewer individuals.

The term also includes any “well that supplies drinking water to a transient non-community water system as defined in 40 Code of Federal Regulations § 141.2 (July 1, 2003 Edition),” which encompasses wells at locations such as campgrounds and rest areas

Services Offered

Well permits are issued to property owners that apply for a private drinking water well permit after a site evaluations are made to determine suitable areas for well placement.  Grouting inspections will be made to determine sufficient amount of grout outside of the well casing. After approval of the well head and electrical power is connected to the pump each private drinking water well is tested for total coliform bacteria and if present, further tested analyzed for the presence of fecal coliform bacteria or E. coli.  A water sample shall be analyzed for Arsenic, Barium, Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Fluoride, Lead, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Mercury, Nitrate, Nitrite, Selenium, Silver, Sodium, Zinc and PH. All water samples are sent to the N.C. Public health Laboratory and all results are reported to the homeowner. Samples are taken only after proper disinfection and purging of the disinfectant (power on and well purged of disinfectant).

At the request of the owner, Environmental Health will inspect private water supplies, collect and interpret water samples, advise and assist on corrective action, and provide educational materials regarding location and protection of private water supplies.

Hours of Operation

8:00 am to 5:00 pm Weekdays

*water sampling is only done on Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays 

Eligibility and Payment Options

Only property owners can request a water sample be taken. There are fees associated with well permits and all sampling.  Please click here for fee schedule. Payment must be made before any sampling is done.


Contact Information

Please call Environmental Health at 704-920-1207. 

Other Useful Information

Well Issues
Water Issues