Foot Care

As a person with diabetes, you are more prone to having foot problems because diabetes can damage your nerves and reduce blood flow to your feet. If a problem gets very serious, it can lead to amputation, or removal of the foot. Checking your feet every day for cuts and other problems is important. Your healthcare team should check your feet during each visit as well.

Here are some diabetes foot care tips to follow:
  • Examine your feet each day.
  • Wash and dry your feet daily.
  • If you have dry skin, rub lotion on your feet after you wash and dry them, but do not put lotion between your toes.
  • Take care of your toenails.
  • Protect your feet with shoes and socks.
How to Examine Your Feet 
  • Check the tops and bottoms of your feet. Use a mirror or have someone else look at your feet if you cannot see them.
  • Check for dry, cracked skin.
  • Look for blisters, cuts, scratches, or other sores.
  • Check for redness, increased warmth, or tenderness when touching any area of your feet.
  • Check for ingrown toenails, corns, and calluses.
  • Do not "pop" blisters or sores, but apply a bandage.
Proper Shoe Choices

The following types of shoes are best for people with diabetes:
  • Closed toes and heels
  • Leather tops of the shoes without a seam inside
  • At least 1/2 inch extra space at the end of your longest toe
  • Inside of shoe should be soft with no rough areas
  • Outer sole should be made of stiff material
  • Shoes should be at least as wide as your feet
When to Call Your Doctor
Your healthcare provider should examine your feet at each visit. In addition, see your healthcare provider if you have any of the following problems with your feet: 
  • Hammer toes (when the middle joint of toes is permanently bent downward)
  • Athlete's foot (cracking between toes)
  • Sores or wounds on your feet
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Increasing numbness or pain
  • Calluses
  • Redness
  • Blackening of skin
  • Bunions
  • Infection